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                            1. 2019年高考英語綜合提升訓練及答案

                              高考考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2018-12-24

                              鯉魚小編整理了一些高考英語綜合提升訓練題,并附有答案解析,一起來測試一下吧。

                              1.Modern science has given clear evidence ________ smoking can lead to many diseases.

                              A. what B. which

                              C. that D. where

                              [解析]本題考查同位語從句的引導詞。從句結構完整,并且對 evidence 的內容起到了補充說明的作用,故應用 that 引導該從句。句意:現代科學提供了明確的證據表明吸煙能導致很多疾病。

                              [答案]C

                              2.His writing is so confusing that it's difficult to make out ________ it is he is trying to express.

                              A. that B. how

                              C. who D. what

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句。句意:他的書寫得這么亂,很難弄明白他想要表達什么。what 引導賓語從句,并在從句中作表語。

                              [答案]D

                              3.The villagers have already known ________ we'll do is to rebuild the bridge.

                              A. this B. that

                              C. what D. which

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句。句意:村民們已經知道我們將要做的事情是重建橋梁。know 后面跟賓語從句,從句中缺少 do 的賓語,表示“做……的事”,故用 what 引導賓語從句。this 不引導從句;that 引導賓語從句時不作成分;which 引導賓語從句時有疑問的意思,意為“哪一個”。

                              [答案]C

                              4.Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious ________ the problem itself is.

                              A. what B. that

                              C. which D. why

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句的引導詞。句意:在一個問題被解決之前,必須弄清問題本身所在。在 It must be obvious ________ the problem itself is.這一句中,it 為形式主語,________ the problem itself is 是真正的主語從句,從句中缺少表語,故用 what 引導。

                              [答案]A

                              5.Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we want to succeed.

                              A. why B. how

                              C. what D. which

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句。句意:老師總是告訴我們,如果想要成功,要相信自己所做的事情,也要相信自己。what 引導名詞性從句,同 something that,補充前后主從句所缺失的成分。

                              [答案]C

                              6.________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness.

                              A. Which B. What

                              C. That D. Whom

                              [解析]本題考查主語從句的引導詞。句意:芭芭拉·瓊斯提供給她的粉絲們的是誠實和快樂。which 引導主語從句時有選擇的意思,意為“哪一個”;what 引導主語從句,在從句中作 offer 的賓語,意為“……的人或事”;that 引導主語從句時不作成分;whom 引導主語從句時在從句中作賓語指人。本題中主語從句中缺少 offer 的賓語,表示“……東西”,故用 what 引導。

                              [答案]B

                              7. I'd like to start my own business—that's ________ I'd do if I had the money.

                              A. why B. when

                              C. which D. what

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句的引導詞。句意:我想創辦自己的生意——那就是如果我有錢的話我想做的事。分析句子結構可知,空白處需要連接代詞引導表語從句,首先排出A、B兩項的連接副詞;另外,which 意為“哪一個,哪一些”,不合題意,what 意為“……的事”,符合題目要求,在句中作 do 的賓語。

                              [答案]D

                              8.We've offered her the job, but I don't know ________ she'll accept it.

                              A. where B. what

                              C. whether D. which

                              [解析]本題考查賓語從句的引導詞。句意:我們已提供她工作,但我不知道她是否會接受。根據句子結構,本題為賓語從句,且從句中不缺少句子成分,故應用連詞 whether。而 where 在從句中作地點狀語;what,which 在從句中作賓語,故C項正確。

                              [答案]C

                              9.It was never clear ________ the man hadn't reported the accident sooner.

                              A. that B. how

                              C. when D. why

                              [解析]本題考查名詞性從句。句意:那個人為什么沒有早報告這起交通事故還不清楚。分析結構可知,it 作形式主語,真正的主語為后面的從句。又由句意可知此處主語從句用 why 引導,故D項正確。

                              [答案]D

                              10. Before the sales start, I make a list of______ my kids will need for the coming season.

                              A. why B. what

                              C. how D. which

                              [解析]句意:在促銷活動開始之前,我列出了一份在即將來臨的季節里孩子們所需物品的購物清單。

                              [答案]B

                              11.We should respect food and think about the people who don't have ______ we have here and treat food nicely.

                              A. that B. which

                              C. what D. whether

                              [解析]句意:我們應當重視食物,珍惜食物,并應為那些沒有我們所擁有的食物的人們做些考慮。that 引導名詞性從句時不作句子成分,而此處引導詞須作賓語,故 that 不合適;which 和 whether 的含義與句意不符;what 引導賓語從句并在句中作賓語,符合句意。

                              [答案]C

                              12. As a new graduate, he doesn't know______ it takes to start a business here.

                              A. how B. what

                              C. when D. which

                              [解析]句意:作為一名新畢業生,他不知道創業需要什么。it take sth. to do sth.,“花費/需要……干某事”。本題考查賓語從句,且從句中 take 缺少賓語,故用 what。

                              [答案]B

                              13. I want to be liked and loved for ________ I am inside.

                              A. who B. where

                              C. what D. how

                              [解析]句意:我想讓人們因為我的內在本質而喜歡我愛我。此題考查賓語從句,what 此處表示“……的內容/事情”,相當于“the thing(s) that”,在從句中作表語。

                              [答案]C

                              14.We haven't discussed yet ________ we are going to place our new furniture.

                              A. that B. which

                              C. what D. where

                              [解析]句意:我們還未討論買的新家具將放在什么地方。where 引導賓語從句,并在從句中作地點狀語。

                              [答案]D

                              15.—Have you finished the book?

                              —No, I've read up to ________ the children discover the secret cave.

                              A. which B. what

                              C. that D. where

                              [解析]句意:—你讀完這本書了嗎?—沒有,我讀到孩子們發現秘密洞穴的地方。考查 where 引導的賓語從句,作介詞 to 的賓語。

                              [答案]D

                              16. How much one enjoys himself travelling depends largely on ________ he goes with, whether his friends or relatives.

                              A. what B. who

                              C. how D. why

                              [解析]句意:一個人在旅游中玩的高興程度在很大程度上取決于他是和誰一起去的,是他的朋友還是親戚。介詞 on 后跟賓語從句,從句中缺少介詞 with 的賓語,用關系代詞,排除C、D;由句意知應用 who。

                              [答案]B

                              17.It is uncertain ________ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it.

                              A. that B. what

                              C. how D. whether

                              [解析]句意:盡管大約2,000名患者已經服用了這種藥,但是它會帶來什么樣的副作用還不清楚。因為受 it is certain/uncertain that... 句型的影響,很多同學易誤選 that,但此句中空格處的詞不但引導真正的主語從句,還要作從句的賓語,即 bring about 的賓語,起雙重作用,只能選擇 what。how 與 whether 無論是詞義還是擔當的成分都不符合要求。

                              [答案]B

                              18.Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in the office knew ________ she was so angry.

                              A. where B. whether

                              C. that D. why

                              [解析]句意:Cindy 用力關上門并且大哭了起來。辦公室里沒人知道她為什么那么生氣。分析結構可知,________ she was so angry 作 knew 的賓語,由句意可知,此處應填一個表示原因的連接副詞,故應選 why。

                              [答案]D

                              19.To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions ________ had used the products.

                              A. whoever B. who

                              C. whichever D. which

                              [解析]句意:為了提高我們的產品質量,我們向任何使用過我們產品的人征求意見。asked 的賓語已經后置,即 whoever had used the products,其中 whoever 相當于 anyone who。

                              [答案]A

                              20.Many young people in the West are expected to leave ________ could be life's most important decision—marriage—almost entirely up to luck.

                              A. as B. that

                              C. which D. what

                              [解析]句意:許多西方年輕人都把人生中最重要的決定——婚姻——幾乎都歸因于運氣。句中 what could be life's most important decision—marriage 作 leave 的賓語。what 在賓語從句中既起連接詞的作用,又在句中充當主語。

                              [答案]D

                              以上高考英語綜合提升訓練題,建議大家仔細對照答案解析,如有做錯的,就要劃成重點復習。關注鯉魚網,獲取更多學習資訊。

                              相關推薦:

                              2019高考物理知識點:動量定理的六種應用

                              2019年高考化學精選試題及答案解析

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