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                            1. 2019年高考英語精選試題及答案(一)

                              高考考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2018-12-21

                              下面是由名師精心挑選的英語練習題及答案解析,鯉魚小編將他們整理出來,與大家一起分享。

                              Computers are very important to modern life. Many people think that in the future computers will be used in lots of everyday life. It is thought that we wont have to go shopping because we will be able to get most things which are sold in shops on the Internet. There will be no more books because we will be able to get all texts from computers. The Internet will be used to play games, see films and buy food. Most telephone calls will be made by computers, too.

                              Some people are glad about these new ways of shopping and communicating(交際). Others do not think that computers will replace our old ways.

                              Lets look at books, for example. Some people think that one day we will not read books made of paper. Instead, we will buy and read books using computers. We will read texts on small pocket computers. The computers will keep many different books in them at the same time. We wont need to turn lots of pages and paper will be saved. Computerized(計算機化) books will be used more and more.

                              Is Internet shopping such a pleasure as going to the shop? Many people say it is not. It is a pleasure to go in to shops and look at things you want to buy. It is also unlikely that many people will want to read large texts on our computers. Because paper books will perhaps be more friendly. Maybe computers wont change these two habits.

                              1. In paragraph(段落)1 it is thought people will use computers for _______.

                              A. playing games, shopping and making telephone calls

                              B. making telephone calls, having meals and seeing films

                              C. seeing films, buying food, and going for holidays

                              D. playing games, making telephone calls and seeing the doctor

                              2. Which reason for using computerized books is NOT said in the passage?

                              A. Computerized books wont be very expensive.

                              B. Computers can keep many different books in them.

                              C. We wont have lots of pages.

                              D. We wont need any paper.

                              3. Paragraph 4 tells _______.

                              A. about the old and new ways of shopping and communicating

                              B. if the Internet will change our habits

                              C. about computerized books

                              D. about future uses of computers

                              4. The title for this passage is _______.

                              A. Computers will Replace Shops and Books

                              B. Computers Are the Future

                              C. Computers will Do Everything for Man

                              D. How Computers Change Our Habits

                              【答案與解析】本文主要敘述計算機在未來生活中的應用以及計算機能否改變我們的一些生活習慣的問題。

                              1. A。細節題。在第一自然段中我們可知在未來計算機會涉及到我們日常生活的方方面面,其中提到了購物、玩游戲、看電影和打電話。

                              2. A。細節題。從文章的第三自然段中可知計算機可同時貯存許多本書,這樣我們就不再看書本了,并且還節約了紙,computerized(計算機化) books 被使用的越來越多。但有一點理由沒有說,那就是 computerized books 是非常貴的。

                              3. B。語義理解題。計算機雖給我們帶來了許多便利,但有些人仍然喜歡到商店購物,paper books 仍舊受許多人的青睞,那么這 Internet 將是否改變人們的習慣呢?

                              4. B。主旨題。縱讀全文(特別是開頭的兩句)可知,計算機與我們的生活息息相關,所以說…computers are the future

                              Paragraph 1

                              Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. They are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds. (2) citrus(柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; (4) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal(谷類), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter.

                              Paragraph 2

                              People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesnt matter whether foods are eaten raw(生的) or cooked, canned or frozen. It doesnt matter if a person eats dinner at 4 oclock in the afternoon or at eleven oclock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.

                              Paragraph 3

                              There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on earth. The first is to find some ways to feed the worlds population so that no one is hungry.

                              The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.

                              1. According to the scientists, which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch?

                              A. chicken, apples, cereal, cabbages

                              B. potatoes, carrots, rice, bread

                              C. oranges, bananas, fish, tomatoes

                              D. beef, pork, fish, milk

                              2. It is important for people to eat _______.

                              A. three times a day

                              B. dinner at twelve oclock

                              C. cooked food all the day

                              D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day

                              3. People in different countries and different places of the world _______.

                              A. has the right kinds of food to eat

                              B. cooks their food in the same way

                              C. has their meals at the same time

                              D. eat food in different ways

                              4. Which of the following is NOT true?

                              A. People in some places dont have enough to eat.

                              B. There are too many people in the world.

                              C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.

                              D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy.

                              5. If there is Paragraph 4, what do you think is going to be talked about?

                              A. When people eat their lunch

                              B. What to do with the two problems

                              C. How to cook food in different ways

                              D. Why people eat different kinds of food

                              【答案與解析】文章第1段敘述人們每天必需的七類食品;2段說明了最重要的是吃的是什么;最后一段介紹了要解決的兩個問題。

                              1. A。細節判斷題。根據文章中科學家所提供的人們每天必須的7類食品,可知作中餐食品的 A 類最佳。

                              2. D。細節題。根據Paragraph 2可知人們每天吃幾餐不重要;在哪個時間進食不重要;吃生的或熟的、罐裝的或冷凍的食品不重要,重要的是人們必須吃到這七類食品的每一種。

                              3. D。細節題。根據文章內容,不同的國家和地區,人們進食的方法也不一樣。

                              4. C。細節題。在 Paragraph 3里要解決的二個問題之一就是 find some ways to feed the worlds population so that no one is hungry(找到解決饑餓問題的方法)。所以C項說法是錯誤的。

                              5. B。推斷題。在 Paragraph 3里提到要解決的兩個問題,如果有 Paragraph 4,那么應該就是議論如何來解決這兩個問題。

                               

                              Most people around the world are right-handed. This also seems to be true in history. In 1799, scientists studied works of art made at different times from 1,500 B.C. to the 1950s. Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed, so the scientists guessed that right-handedness has always been common through history. Today, only about 10% to 15% of the worlds population is left-handed.

                              Why are there more right-handed people than left-handed ones? Scientists now know that a persons two hands each have their own jobs. For most people, the hand is used to find things or hold things. The right hand is used to work with things. This is because of the different work of the two sides of the brain. The right side of the brain, which makes a persons hands and eyes work together, controls the left hand. The left-side of the brain, which controls the right hand, is the centre for thinking and doing problems. These findings show that more artists should be left-handed, and studies have found that left-handedness is twice as common among artists as among people in other jobs.

                              No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed instead of left-handed. Scientists have found that almost 40% of the people become left-handed because their main brain is damaged when they are born. However, this doesnt happen to everyone, so scientists guess there must be another reason why people become left-handed. One idea is that people usually get right-handed from their parents. If a person does not receive the gene(基因) for right-handedness, he / she may become either right-handed or left-handed according to the chance and the people they work or live with.

                              Though right-handedness is more common than left-handedness, people no longer think left-handed people are strange or unusual. A long time ago, left-handed children were made to use their right hands like other children, but today they dont have to.

                              1. After studying works of art made at different times in history, the scientists found _______.

                              A. the art began from 1,500 B.C.

                              B. the works of art ended in the 1950s

                              C. most people shown in the works of art are right-handed

                              D. most people shown in the works of art are left-handed

                              2. How many people in the world are left-handed now?

                              A. Less than one sixth. B. More than a half.

                              C. About 40%. D. The passage doesnt tell us.

                              3. What is the hand for most people used to do?

                              A. Its used to find or hold things.

                              B. Its used to work with things.

                              C. Its used to make a persons eyes work together.

                              D. Its the centre for thinking and doing problems.

                              4. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

                              A. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed.

                              B. Left-handedness is cleverer than right-handedness.

                              C. Today children are not made to use their right hands only.

                              D. Scientists think there must be some reason why people become left-handed.

                              5. The best title for this passage is _______.

                              A. ScientistsNew Inventions B. Left-handed People

                              C. Which Hand D. Different Brains, Different Hands

                              【答案與解析】本文主要說明了為什么有的人習慣用右手,有的人習慣用左手。

                              1. C。細節題。在第1段中我們可找到這樣的句子…Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed,所以答案是 C

                              2. A。細節題。根據句子 Today, only about 10% to 15% of the worlds population is left-handed 我們可知現在世界人口中有10%15%的人是 left-handed,那么與此數接近的應該是 less than one sixth(不到六分之一)

                              3. A。細節題。根據文章第2段第3句可知對大多數人而言,手用來 find or hold things

                              4. B。判斷題。根據文章內容,慣用左手的人比慣用右手的人聰明是沒有依據的。

                              5. C。主旨題。文章告訴我們:有些人習慣用右手做事,有的人習慣用左手做事, 而這種差異到底是怎樣產生的呢?沒有知道真正的原因,所以選 C

                              以上的這些練習題,大家看了后是不是有了什么啟發了呢,多加關注鯉魚網,后面還有更多驚喜。

                              相關推薦:

                              奮戰高考:高三備考生應該養成哪些良好的習慣?

                              學會使用錯題本,提高學習效率

                              專題匯總

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                                                        1. 吉林快三技巧
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