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                            1. 2019年6月大學英語四級閱讀理解模擬試題及答案解析(4)

                              四級考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2019-01-23

                                    2019年6月的大學英語四級考試即將開始,小伙伴們都開始復習了嗎?下面是鯉魚小編整理的閱讀理解練習題(4),大家可自主測試。

                                    Imagine you went to a restaurant with a date; had a burger, paid with a credit card, and left. The next time you go there, the waiter or waitress, armed with your profile data, greets you with, "Hey Joe, how are you? Mary is over there in the seat you sat in last time. Would you like to join her for dinner again?" Then you find out that your burger has been cooked and your drink is on the table. Forget the fact that you are with another date and are on a diet that doesn’t include burgers. Sound a little bizarre? To some, this is restaurant equivalent of the Internet.The Net’s ability to profile you through your visits to and interactions at websites provides marketers with an enormous amount of data on you—some of which you may notwant them to have.

                                Are you aware that almost every time you access a website you get a “cookie”? Unfortunately, it’s not the Mrs. Reid’s type. A cookie on the Internet is a computer code sent by the site to your computer—usually without your knowledge. During the entire period of time that you are at the site, the cookie is collecting information about your interaction, including where you visit, how long you stay there, how frequently you return to certain pages, and even your electronic address. Fill out a survey to collect free information or samples, and marketers know even more about you—like your name, address, and any other information you provide. While this may sound scary enough, cookies aren’t even the latest in technology. A new system called I-librarian Alexa—named for the legendary third century B.C. library in Alexandria, Egypt—does even more. While cookies track what you are doing at one site, Alexa collects data on all your Web activity, such as which sites you visit next, how long you stay there, whether you click on ads,etc. All thisinformation is available to marketers, who use it to market more effectively to you. Not only do you not get paid for providing the information, you probably don’t even know that you are giving it.

                                英語四級閱讀模擬題:

                                Choose correct answers to the question:

                                1.In the restaurant story, the author may most probably think the waiter or waitress was ________ 。

                                A. considerate

                                B. polite

                                C. irritating

                                D. unsmart

                                2.The author makes up the restaurant story in order to _______ 。

                                A.show the good service offered in some Web restaurants

                                B.criticize some restaurants for too considerate service

                                C.show the Internet’s ability to collect data on you

                                D.prove the incredible power of the Internet

                                3.What can be learned about “cookie” from the second paragraph?

                                A.It was first created by Mrs. Reid.

                                B.It collects information on you without your knowing it

                                C.It’s some information sent to your computer about yourself.

                                D.It’s the latest in technology.

                                4.What can be learned about "Alexa" from the second paragraph?

                                A.Alexa is named after an ancient hero in Egypt

                                B.Alexa is installed in libraries.

                                C.Alexa can collect all the necessary data on you.

                                D.Alexa can provide more data for marketers than a cookie.

                                5.Which of the following words can best reflect the author’s attitude to cookies and Alexa?

                                A. Critical

                                B. Suspicious.

                                C. Objective.

                                D. Optimistic.

                                英語四級閱讀參考答案

                                1.[C] 推理判斷題。第1段中,喬另約了一名新女友去餐館,餐館服務員卻招呼他坐在上次約會的女友身邊,并且為他準備了與上次同樣的食品,包括他節食忌用的漢堡,這樣的服務肯定會使喬做出負面的評價.因此選項A和選項B部不對。此外,這個故亊是為了指出濫用別人的個人資料會惹人討厭,因此可推斷喬對餐廳服務員的做法會感到生氣。選項D雖然也是反面的評價,但是這個選項可能表明喬不介意自己的資料被盜用,只是覺得餐廳服務員使用的時候不夠靈活。這與文章的主題不符。

                                2.[C] 推理判斷題。本題考查例子與主題之間的關系。答題的依據是第1段最后兩句,文章指出餐館跟因特網一樣,它們都收集用戶的信息。選項A和B都只滲及表面,選項D則不如選項C確切、具體。

                                3.[B] 事實細節題。選擇依據是第2段第3句及第4句。選項B是對這兩句話的歸納。選項A談的是可食用的甜餅,而不是本文敘述的用于收集用戶信息的一種軟件。選項C是對第2段第3、4句的歪曲理解。文章明確提出了cookie不是最新的發明,選項D不正確。

                                4.[D] 事實細節題。本句考查復雜句的理解,并涉及兩個事物的對比。第2段介紹Alexa時,指明它does even more,接著用while連接一個讓步狀語從句,其主句是關于Alexa的信息,據此可以判斷選項D正確。選項 A和B與原文不符,容易排除。選項C指出Alexa能收集到所有必要的資料,這是對其作用的夸大,實際上,根據倒數第3句,它收集的只是所有網上活動的資料。

                                5.[A] 觀點態度題。判斷依據是文中作者所使用的一些詞句,如:usually without your knowledge, sound scary及最后一句。這些顯示了作者對cookie和Alexa持反對、批評的態度。

                               

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